Back

ⓘ Bog fern. Coryphopteris simulata, synonym Thelypteris simulata, is a species of fern native to the Northeastern United States. It is known by two common names: ..



Bog fern
                                     

ⓘ Bog fern

Coryphopteris simulata, synonym Thelypteris simulata, is a species of fern native to the Northeastern United States. It is known by two common names: bog-fern and Massachusetts fern. It is often confused with the silvery spleenwort, New York fern, and the marsh fern due to similarities in shape and size.

                                     

1. Description

Coryphopteris simulata is bright green in color. The frond has some variation in shape, but it is around 61 cm 24 in long, and its stalk is long and slender at 20.3 cm 8 in. The stalks are thin and slightly scaly, or hairy. The upwards portion is yellow-green in color, and the base is a light brown color.

The leaves are monomorphic and pinnately compounded; they can be between 10–40 cm 3.9-15.7 in long and 7.6-15.3 cm 3–6 in wide. The branching pattern appears to be opposite, but upon close observation it is clearly a slight alternate pattern. The leaf veins are for the most part unbranched, although some branching can be seen towards the lower part of the blade.

Coryphopteris simulata produces both fertile and sterile leaflets. The leaflets are twice-compounded and divided mid-vein into between fifteen to eighteen lobes. They are oblong in shape and become narrower near the axis, noticeably more so near the base. The majority of the leaflets are erect, but the bottom pair point downward. They are around 25–80 cm 9.8-31.5 in long. The fertile and sterile leaflets are similar in shape in size, but the fertile leaflets tend to be slightly longer than the sterile leaflets. Sori singular sorus, are found on the underside of the leaflets, and they are round in shape. The indusium is a pale tan color and is shaped like a kidney.

The rhizome is slender and black with some scales. It spreads out far and has a lot of branching. Older roots are short, black, thin, and wiry. There are many young, hairlike rootlets.

                                     

1.1. Description Growth

Coryphopteris simulata is a forb/herb perennial. The shoot system sprouts up from a rhizome, which is typically an underground root, but is sometimes found at the ground level. The leaves die and fall off during the wintertime. Spores are produced in the summertime.

                                     

2. Taxonomy

The species was first described by George Edward Davenport in 1894 as Aspidium simulatum in the same publication he also suggested that "those persons who reject Aspidium could use the synonym Nephrodium simulatum. Genus boundaries in the family Thelypteridaceae have been subject to regular changes; the species has also been placed in Thelypteris 1910, Parathelypteris 1976 and more recently Coryphopteris 2018. As of January 2020, Plants of the World Online accepted the placement in Thelypteris, while the Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World accepted the placement in Coryphopteris.

One distinguishing feature is the sweet-smelling fragrance it emits. Since it has similarities to the marsh fern, New York fern, and silvery spleenwort, people often fail to notice its existence, and have difficulty distinguishing it from the other similar ferns. There is still some confusion today, as this species is relatively uncommon and its shape can be variable.



                                     

3. Distribution

Coryphopteris simulata is a terrestrial plant native to Eastern Canada, the North-Central United States Wisconsin, the Northeastern United States and the Southeastern United States. The isolated patch discovered in southwestern Wisconsin was far outside its expected distribution. Generally speaking, this plant is uncommon.

                                     

4. Ecology

Coryphopteris simulata grows in shaded, marshy wetlands and bog areas such as cedar, spruce, larch, and sphagnum swamps. It likes to grow among bryophytes, which protect the plant from the sun and provide it with a shady area. It prefers and is most often found in moist, acidic soil that is soft and spongy.

                                     
  • A bog garden employs permanently moist but not waterlogged soil to create a habitat for plants and creatures which thrive in such conditions. It may
  • Highlands. Bog - wood is used in aquaria for ornaments, providing hiding places for fish and a growing surface for plants such as Java fern Additionally
  • bog mosses Sphagnum spp. Rare plants include the bog rosemary Andromeda polifolia royal fern Osmunda regalis and cranberry Vaccinium oxycoccus
  • A fern Polypodiopsida or Polypodiophyta is a member of a group of vascular plants plants with xylem and phloem that reproduce via spores and have neither
  • Cranberry Bog or Cranberry Swamp is a sphagnum bog on the Cranberry Creek in Tannersville, Pennsylvania. It is the southernmost boreal bog east of the
  • forests, especially where sedges, ferns and shrubs grow and when the soil is loose and crumbly, are habitats the bog lemming prefers. It also inhabits
  • Twin Lakes Bog State Natural Area is a Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources - designated State Natural Area featuring an intact tamarack Larix laricina
  • Pow Hill Bog is a Site of Special Scientific Interest in the Wear Valley district of County Durham, England. It lies alongside Derwent Reservoir, approximately
  • stitchwort, saw sedge, marsh fern great water dock, meadow thistle, purple small reed, Carex appropinquata and water violet. Askham Bog also holds the largest


                                     
  • nature reserve in mid Cornwall, England, UK, being designated Rosenannon Bog and Downs Site of Special Scientific Interest SSSI noted for its biological
  • Osmunda regalis, or royal fern is a species of deciduous fern native to Europe, Africa and Asia, growing in woodland bogs and on the banks of streams
  • Cowles Bog is an 8, 000 - year - old wetland complex in Indiana Dunes National Park, near Chesterton, Indiana. It is named for Dr. Henry Chandler Cowles who
  • The Bog Garden is a nature preserve, botanical garden, and city park located at 1101 Hobbs Road, Greensboro, North Carolina. It is open daily admission
  • Lycopodiella gilmanii Lycopodiaceae a New Hybrid Bog Clubmoss from Northeastern North America American Fern Journal. 93 4 196 197. Winther, Jennifer
  • genus of leptosporangiate ferns in the family Osmundaceae with one accepted species, Osmundastrum cinnamomeum, the cinnamon fern It is native to the Americas
  • fern is most commonly found growing in wetter soils such as those found in wet forests, bogs and along streams and lakes. Fewless, Gary. Royal Fern
  • biodiversity, including birds, turtles, fish, trees, shrubs, and ferns The Espy Bog contains a swamp and an open water lake. Forested swamps, shrub swamps
  • sensibilis, the sensitive fern also known as the bead fern is a coarse - textured, medium to large - sized deciduous perennial fern The name comes from the
  • Hanging Bog State Preserve is a 16 - acre 6.5 ha forest that is on the edge of the Cedar River valley in Iowa. It was deeded to The Nature Conservancy
                                     
  • and biomes, although rarely in bogs The interrupted fern is often found alongside ostrich, cinnamon and sensitive ferns Osmunda ruggii, is a hybrid
  • in supporting the Blackankle Bog Preserve and the Nature Conservancy in this restoration effort. A patch of climbing fern a large stand of sweetleaf
  • Cors Caron is a raised bog in Ceredigion, Wales. Cors is the Welsh word for bog the site is also known as Tregaron Bog being near the small town of
  • leptosporangiate ferns in the family Blechnaceae. It has only one species, Anchistea virginica synonym Woodwardia virginica the Virginia chain fern which has
  • The Old Bog Road is an Irish song written as a poem by Teresa Brayton, from Kilbrook, County Kildare, and set to music by Madeline King O Farrelly.
  • filix - mas, male - fern Grammitis poeppigiana, strap - fern Hymenophyllum caespitosum, red - haired filmy - fern Hymenophyllum darwinii, Darwin s filmy - fern Hymenophyllum
  • bog - rosemary, common cranberry, bog asphodel, bog myrtle, Pedicularis sylvatica, round - leaved sundew, oblong - leaved sundew, great sundew, royal fern
  • species - rich bog and carr woodland, with transitions between all these habitats. Rare ferns present include marsh fern Thelypteris palustris and royal fern Osmunda
  • the edges of bogs The ferns wāwae iole Lycopodiella cernua ama u Sadleria spp. and uluhe Dicranopteris linearis grow in bogs Rare plants include
  • darter dragonfly. Uncommon plant species include black bogrush, marsh fern cranberry, bog asphodel, common cotton - grass, all three species of sundew and sphagnum
  • The principal ecological interest of this site lies in the swamp, fen and bog flora on islands in the mere and along the shore. The largest island, called

Users also searched:

bog fern, coryphopteris simulata,

...

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation
Free and no ads
no need to download or install

Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

online intellectual game →