ⓘ Pennsylvania Central Airlines Flight 105
Pennsylvania Central Airlines Flight 105 was a regularly scheduled commercial flight between New York City and Birmingham, Alabama which crashed in the pre-dawn hours of January 6, 1946 while landing at Birmingham Municipal Airport, resulting in three fatalities.
1. History of flight
On Sunday, January 6, 1946, a Pennsylvania Central Airlines Douglas DC-3 registration NC21786, flying as Flight 105 originating in New York City with stops in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and Knoxville, Tennessee, crashed while attempting to make an instrument approach to Runway 18 at Birmingham Municipal Airport now Birmingham-Shuttlesworth International Airport in Birmingham, Alabama. The plane crashed into Village Creek at the south end of runway 18-36. The captain, first officer, and a check airman who occupied the cockpit jump seat perished in the crash; several passengers were injured, none fatally.
The regularly scheduled flight departed New York City’s LaGuardia Field at 7:00 p.m. Eastern time on January 5. After battling abnormally high headwinds, the flight made routine stops in Pittsburgh and Knoxville. While in Knoxville, the captain was briefed on the latest weather in Birmingham and elected to continue the flight. The flight left Knoxville at 2:51 a.m. Eastern time. Considerable turbulence was experienced between Knoxville and Birmingham due to active thunderstorms throughout the South.
The flight, which was scheduled to arrive at 12:52 a.m. Central Time, was cleared for a straight-in approach from the north by the Birmingham tower at 3:48 a.m. At 3:51 a.m., Flight 105 notified the tower it was performing a normal arrival pattern landing rather than a straight-in approach. The last radio contact from the plane was received at 3:54 a.m.
Tower personnel observed the flight approach Runway 18 from the north in a shallow descent that visibly steepened near the approach end of the runway. The flight continued airborne just above the runway until the intersection of Runway 18 with the east-west runway now removed where it touched down with only 1.500 feet 457 m of runway remaining. As it became obvious that the flight was going to continue off the runway, tower personnel notified rescuers who immediately responded to Runway 18.
After turning off the runway to the left and attempting a ground loop, the aircraft continued into Village Creek. The right wheel dropped off the 12-foot 3.7-m-high bank first, allowing the right wing to strike rocks on the bank. The DC-3 then spun to the right and struck the south bank of the 35-foot 10.7-m-wide creek. Village Creek was swollen from the rain which had plagued the Southern United States in the days of and before the accident, with widespread flooding and deaths due to tornadoes in neighboring Mississippi the day of the accident. The plane came to rest nose-down with the passenger area suspended over the waters of the creek. Though the cockpit was crushed, the passenger cabin was largely undamaged and no fire resulted. Rescue personnel alerted by the tower immediately worked to evacuate passengers and rescue the three critically injured pilots in the cockpit.
Most of the passengers were from various cities in central Alabama, with one passenger each from New Orleans, Louisiana; Biloxi, Mississippi; Atlanta, Georgia; and Brentwood, Pennsylvania.
An article, photograph of the wrecked airplane, and photograph of flight attendant Miss Betty Proctor appeared at the top of the front page of the Birmingham News the day after the crash. The photo depicts the DC-3 nose down in Village Creek with extensive damage to the right wing. Media attention of the crash quickly faded with the only immediate follow-up coverage being a note that the investigation was continuing in the January 8 edition of the paper in conjunction with a lengthier article regarding an altercation that occurred at the crash site.
Significant media attention was given to an altercation between two photographers from the Birmingham News and three PCA employees who threatened the newspapermen in an attempt to prevent photographs from being taken of the crash scene. The newspaper criticized the Birmingham Police Department for not intervening and protecting the newspapermen during their efforts to report on the crash. PCA officials expressed regret over the incident and the Commissioner of Public Safety announced an investigation would be conducted into the officers’ conduct. One PCA mechanic was later arrested.
One official from PCA and two from the Civil Aeronautics Board office in Atlanta responded to the site to investigate the accident the same day as the crash. The CAB held public hearings in Birmingham on January 15 and 16, 1946.
4. CAB findings
On June 17, 1946, the Civil Aeronautics Board found the probable cause to be "the action of the pilot in committing himself to a landing from an approach which was too high and too fast."
The CAB held public hearings in Birmingham on January 15 and 16, 1946. Finding arrived at by the CAB focused on the poor weather that the flight experienced over a long duration, marginal weather conditions at the time of landing in Birmingham, and the possibility of mental and physical fatigue due to the late evening/early morning time of the flight, continued adverse weather, and long length of the flight.
The pilot, first officer, and a check airman who occupied the cockpit jump seat perished in the crash; several passengers were injured, none fatally.
The first officer and check airman died the evening of the crash at Norwood Hospital in Birmingham; the captain shortly after. One passenger was paralyzed by his injuries. The flight attendant was hospitalized for shock and a possible chest injury but was widely praised for ensuring everyone was buckled just prior to landing and her efforts to administer first aid after the crash.
- Flight 105 may refer to: Pennsylvania Central Airlines Flight 105 crashed on 6 January 1946 Britannia Airways Flight 105 crashed on 1 September 1966
- Pennsylvania Airlines acquired Kohler Aviation. Central Airlines was founded in 1934 by the men who had formed Pittsburgh Airlines in 1929. Central was
- American Airlines Flight 11 was a domestic passenger flight that was hijacked by five al - Qaeda members on September 11, 2001, as part of the September
- Transcontinental and Western Air on a training flight on July 11, 1946 when it crashed near Reading, Pennsylvania Electrical wiring in the baggage compartment
- Midwest Airlines formerly Midwest Express was a U.S - based airline headquartered in Oak Creek, Wisconsin that operated from General Mitchell International
- a total of 3, 731 flight hours during its career. On 24 October 1945, it was with Flagship New England that American Overseas Airlines AOA launched international
- The Flight 93 National Memorial is located at the site of the crash of United Airlines Flight 93, which was hijacked in the September 11 attacks, in Stonycreek
- was later renamed Pennsylvania Airlines Pennsylvania Central Airline Capital Airlines and finally became a part of United Airlines As the Waco 9s became
- January 6 Pennsylvania Central Airlines Flight 105 a DC - 3 - 393 crashed at Birmingham Airport due to pilot error, killing three of four crew the flight attendant
- deadliest commercial aviation accident in Alabama history. Pennsylvania Central Airlines Flight 105 crashed while attempting to land at Birmingham Municipal
- Online Flight Schedule Turkish Airlines Archived from the original on April 10, 2019. Retrieved April 8, 2019. United Airlines cancels all flights to
- deliberately sunk when salvage is deemed impractical. January 6 Pennsylvania Central Airlines Flight 105 a Douglas DC - 3, crashes in Birmingham, Alabama, United
- 5200 - ft runway 3 and 2500 - ft runway 13. The first airline flights were Capital DC - 3s in 1949 Lake Central replaced Capital at the end of 1960, and successor
- Liz Sly, Airlines suspend Baghdad flights after shots hit plane, washingtonpost.com, 27 January 2015. Jones, Charisse, American Airlines sees record
- Carolina with winds of 105 mph 165 km h on September 18. It quickly weakened over land and became extratropical over western Pennsylvania the next day. On
- American - Grace Airways Pan American World Airways Pennsylvania Central Airlines Transcontinental Western Air United Airlines Western Air Express United States Civil
- several regional airlines Air Atlanta, Emerald Air, Empire Airlines Presidential Airways and Republic Airlines to operate feeder flights under the Pan
- Douglas DC - 3 Amsterdam accident was the crash of a KLM Royal Dutch Airlines flight from London to Amsterdam on 14 November 1946. The accident occurred
- Silver Airways and a focus city for Frontier Airlines JetBlue, Southwest Airlines and Spirit Airlines Southwest is the airport s largest carrier by
- TWA Flight 6963, a scheduled Transcontinental Western Air flight from Paris Orly Airport to New York City with scheduled stops at Shannon Airport and
- between Beirut, Lebanon, and Nicosia, Cyprus. January 6 Pennsylvania Central Airlines Flight 105 a Douglas DC - 3 - 393, crashes while landing at Birmingham
- Passenger carriers that serve HIA include American Airlines United Airlines Delta Air Lines, Frontier Airlines and Allegiant Air. Capital City Airport CXY
- to Mexico Spirit Airlines Adds New Nonstop Service to Cancun Spirit Airlines October 2019. Retrieved October 19, 2019. Flight Timetable tui.co
- back to Morocco. May 1, 1961: First U.S. Airline flight hijacked to Cuba. A National Airlines Convair 440 flight from Marathon, Florida to Key West was
- operated 60 aircraft. Empire Air Lines National Parks Airways Pennsylvania Central Airlines United Aircraft Corporation operated 10 aircraft. Wien Air Alaska
- British European Airways Flight 530, also known as the Mistberget Accident Norwegian: Mistberget - ulykken was a controlled flight into terrain of a Douglas
- Central Airlines to form Republic Airlines Atlantis Airlines started service in 1979 for a brief time using Twin Otter aircraft. Piedmont Airlines introduced
- and under President George Washington. On September 11, 2001, United Airlines Flight 93, bound from Newark, New Jersey, to San Francisco and one of the
- crash of Iberia Airlines Flight 610 148 Delta Air Lines Flight 191 137 Galaxy Airlines Flight 203 70 and British Airtours Flight 28M 55 a mid - air
- One - Eleven - 203AE. On 23 June 1967, a Mohawk Airlines One - Eleven - 204AF while flying Mohawk Airlines Flight 40 suffered a loss of pitch control following
Users also searched:
Flight, Airlines, Central, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania Central Airlines Flight 105, Pennsylvania Central Airlines Flight, pennsylvania central airlines flight 105,
no need to download or install
Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!online intellectual game →