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Diisopropylamine

Diisopropylamine is a secondary amine with the chemical formula 2 HC-NH-CH 2. It is best known as its lithium derivative of its conjugate base, lithium diisopropylamide, known as "LDA". LDA is a strong, non-nucleophilic base. Diisopropylamine can ...

                                               

Ethylamine

Ethylamine is an organic compound with the formula CH 3 CH 2 NH 2. This colourless gas has a strong ammonia-like odor. It is miscible with virtually all solvents. It is a nucleophilic base, as is typical for amines. Ethylamine is widely used in c ...

                                               

Hexylamine

Hexylamine or n -hexylamine is a chemical compound with the formula CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 NH 2. This colorless liquid is one of the isomeric amines of hexane. At standard temperature and pressure, it has the ammonia/bleach odor common to ...

                                               

Propylamine

Propylamine, also known as n -propylamine, is an amine with the chemical formula CH 3 2 NH 2. It is a colorless volatile liquid. Propylamine is a weak base. Its K b base dissociation constant is 4.7 × 10 −4.

                                               

Triethylamine

Triethylamine is the chemical compound with the formula N 3, commonly abbreviated Et 3 N. It is also abbreviated TEA, yet this abbreviation must be used carefully to avoid confusion with triethanolamine or tetraethylammonium, for which TEA is als ...

                                               

O-Acetylserine

O -Acetylserine is an α-amino acid with the chemical formula HO 2 CCHCH 2 OCCH 3. It is an intermediate in the biosynthesis of the common amino acid cysteine in bacteria and plants. O -Acetylserine is biosynthesized by acetylation of the serine b ...

                                               

2-Aminoisobutyric acid

2-Aminoisobutyric acid, or α-aminoisobutyric acid or α-methylalanine or 2-methylalanine, is the non-proteinogenic amino acid with the structural formula H 2 N-C 2 -COOH. It is rare in nature only being found in some antibiotics of fungal origin, ...

                                               

3-Aminoisobutyric acid

3-Aminoisobutyric acid is a product formed by the catabolism of thymine. During exercise, the increase of PGC-1α protein triggers the secretion of BAIBA from exercising muscles to blood concentration 2 to 3 μM in human serum. When BAIBA reaches t ...

                                               

Aminonaphthalenesulfonic acids

Aminonaphthalenesulfonic acids are compounds with the composition C 10 H 6, being derived from naphthalene substituted by an amino and sulfonic acid groups. These compounds are colorless solids. They are useful precursors to dyes. Notes: Peri-aci ...

                                               

Aminophosphonate

Aminophosphonates are organophosphorus compounds with the formula 2 PCR 2 NR" 2. These compounds are structural analogues of amino acids in which a carboxylic moiety is replaced by phosphonic acid or related groups. Acting as antagonists of amino ...

                                               

Aminoshikimic acid

Aminoshikimic acid is a synthetic crystalline carboxylic acid. It is characterized by multiple stereogenic centers and functional groups arrayed around a six-membered carbocyclic ring. Aminoshikimic acid is also an alternative to shikimic acid as ...

                                               

AP-7 (drug)

AP-7 is a selective NMDA receptor antagonist that competitively inhibits the glutamate binding site and thus activation of NMDAR. It has anticonvulsant effects. AP-7 functions specifically as a NMDA recognition site blocker, in contrast with 7-ch ...

                                               

Beta-Aminobutyric acid

β-Aminobutyric acid is an isomer of the amino acid aminobutyric acid with the chemical formula C 4 H 9 NO 2. It has two isomers, alpha-aminobutyric acid and gamma-aminobutyric acid, a neurotransmitter in animals that is also found in plants, wher ...

                                               

C cap

The term C cap describes an amino acid in a particular position within a protein or polypeptide. The C cap residue of an alpha helix is the last amino acid residue at the C terminus of the helix. More precisely, it is defined as the last residue ...

                                               

Dehydroalanine

Dehydroalanine is a dehydroamino acid. It does not exist in its free form, but it occurs naturally as a residue found in peptides of microbial origin. As an amino acid residue, it is unusual because it has an unsaturated backbone.

                                               

Dehydroamino acid

In biochemistry, a dehydroamino acid is an amino acids, usually with a C=C double bond in its side chain. Dehydroamino acids are not coded by DNA, but arise via post-transcriptional modification.

                                               

Ergothioneine

Ergothioneine is a naturally occurring amino acid and is a thiourea derivative of histidine, containing a sulfur atom on the imidazole ring. This compound is made in relatively few organisms, notably Actinobacteria, Cyanobacteria, and certain fun ...

                                               

Glutamate-5-semialdehyde

Glutamate-5-semialdehyde is a non-proteinogenic amino acid involved in the biosynthesis of proline and arginine, as well as in the biosynthesis of antibiotics, such as carbapenems. It is synthesized by the reduction of glutamyl-5-phosphate by glu ...

                                               

Homocitrulline

L - Homocitrulline is an amino acid and a metabolite of ornithine in mammalian metabolism. The amino acid can be detected in larger amounts in the urine of individuals with urea cycle disorders. At present, it is thought that the depletion of the ...

                                               

Hydroxylysine

Hydroxylysine is an amino acid with the molecular formula C 6 H 14 N 2 O 3. It was first discovered in 1921 by Donald Van Slyke as the 5-hydroxylysine form. It arises from a post-translational hydroxy modification of lysine. It is most widely kno ...

                                               

Isoglutamine

Isoglutamine or α-glutamine is a gamma amino acid derived from glutamic acid by substituting the carboxyl group in position 1 with an amide group. This is in contrast to the proteinogenic amino acid glutamine, which is the 5-amide of glutamic aci ...

                                               

KDEL (amino acid sequence)

KDEL is a target peptide sequence in mammals and plants located on the C-terminal end of the amino acid structure of a protein. The KDEL sequence prevents a protein from being secreted from the endoplasmic reticulum and facilitates its return if ...

                                               

Leucines

The leucines are primarily the four isomeric amino acids: leucine, isoleucine, tert -leucine and norleucine. Being compared with the four butanols, they could be classified as butyl-substituted glycines; they represent all four possible variation ...

                                               

L-threo-3-Methylaspartate

l - threo -3-Methylaspartate is an unusual amino acid formed by glutamate mutase and can be metabolised by methylaspartate ammonia-lyase. It is found in the structures of the antibiotics friulimicin and vicenistatin and in carbon metabolism of ha ...

                                               

Mycosporine-like amino acid

Mycosporine-like amino acids are small secondary metabolites produced by organisms that live in environments with high volumes of sunlight, usually marine environments. The exact number of compounds within this class of natural products is yet to ...

                                               

N cap

The term N cap describes an amino acid in a particular position within a protein or polypeptide. The N cap residue of an alpha helix is the first amino acid residue at the N terminus of the helix. More precisely, it is defined as the first residu ...

                                               

Non-proteinogenic amino acids

In biochemistry, non-coded or non-proteinogenic amino acids are those not naturally encoded or found in the genetic code of any organism. Despite the use of only 22 amino acids by the translational machinery to assemble proteins, over 140 amino a ...

                                               

Phenylglycine

Phenylglycine is the organic compound with the formula C 6 H 5 CHCO 2 H. It is a non-proteinogenic alpha amino acid related to alanine, but with a phenyl group in place of the methyl group. It is a white solid. The compound exhibits some biologic ...

                                               

N-Phenylglycine

N -Phenylglycine is an organic compound with the formula C 6 H 5 NHCH 2 CO 2 H. This white solid achieved fame as the industrial precursor to indigo dye. It is a non-proteinogenic alpha amino acid related to sarcosine, but with an N -phenyl group ...

                                               

Stizolobic acid

Stizolobium hassjoo catalyzes the conversion of L-dihydroxyphenylalanine into stizolobinic acid, alpha-amino-6-carboxy-2-oxo-2H-pyran-3-propionic acid, and stizolobic acid, alpha-amino-6-carboxy-2-oxo-2H-pyran-4-propionic acid, in the presence of ...

                                               

Tellurocysteine

Tellurocysteine is an amino acid analogous to serine, cysteine and selenocysteine with tellurium in place of oxygen, sulfur or selenium in its side chain. It is not naturally found in organisms.

                                               

Acidic amino acids

                                               

Amino acid derivatives

                                               

Amino acid motifs

                                               

Basic amino acids

                                               

Branched-chain amino acids

                                               

Chemical synthesis of amino acids

                                               

Cyclic amino acids

                                               

GABA analogues

                                               

Glucogenic amino acids

                                               

Ketogenic amino acids

                                               

Non-proteinogenic amino acids

                                               

Proteinogenic amino acids

                                               

Aromatic amine

An aromatic amine is an organic compound consisting of an aromatic ring attached to an amine. It is a broad class of compounds that encompasses anilines, but also many more complex aromatic rings and many amine substituents beyond NH 2. Such comp ...

                                               

Disperse Red 11

Disperse Red 11, also called C.I. 62015 and 1.4-diamino-2-methoxy anthraquinone, is a red dye derived from anthraquinone. Disperse Red 11 can be used in plastics and textiles industry to dye polyvinylchloride, acetate, polyester, polyamide, polya ...

                                               

Aminopyrazines

                                               

Aminopyridines

                                               

Aminopyrimidines

                                               

Anilines

                                               

Diazepines

Encyclopedic dictionary

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