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Acetylglutamate kinase

In enzymology, an acetylglutamate kinase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction: ATP + N-acetyl-L-glutamate ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } ADP + N-acetyl-L-glutamyl 5-phosphate Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are ATP and ...

                                               

Acetylornithine deacetylase

In enzymology, an acetylornithine deacetylase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction N 2 -acetyl-L-ornithine + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } acetate + L-ornithine Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are N2-acetyl-L-or ...

                                               

Acetylornithine transaminase

In enzymology, an acetylornithine transaminase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction N 2 -acetyl-L-ornithine + 2-oxoglutarate ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } N-acetyl-L-glutamate 5-semialdehyde + L-glutamate Thus, the two substr ...

                                               

Acetylxylan esterase

In enzymology, an acetylxylan esterase is an enzyme that catalyzes a chemical reaction, the deacetylation of xylans and xylo-oligosaccharides. This enzyme belongs to the family of hydrolases, specifically those acting on carboxylic ester bonds. T ...

                                               

Acireductone dioxygenase (iron(II)-requiring)

Acireductone dioxygenase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction 1.2-dihydroxy-5-methylthiopent-1-en-3-one + O 2 ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 4-methylthio-2-oxobutanoate + formate Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are 1.2 ...

                                               

Acyl-(acyl-carrier-protein) desaturase

In enzymology, an acyl- desaturase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction stearoyl-, hydrogen-donor:oxygen oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include stearyl acyl carrier protein desaturase, and stearyl-ACP desaturase. This enzy ...

                                               

Acyl-(acyl-carrier-protein)-UDP-N-acetylglucosamine O-acyltransferase

In enzymology, an acyl--UDP-N-acetylglucosamine O-acyltransferase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction R-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl-:UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 3-O-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl transferase. Other names in common use include UDP-N- ...

                                               

Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (NADP+)

In enzymology, an acyl-CoA dehydrogenase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction acyl-CoA + NADP + ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 2.3-dehydroacyl-CoA + NADPH + H + Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are acyl-CoA and NADP +, ...

                                               

Acyl-CoA hydrolase

In enzymology, an acyl-CoA hydrolase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction acyl-CoA + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } CoA + a carboxylate Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are acyl-CoA and H 2 O, whereas its two prod ...

                                               

Acyl-CoA oxidase

In enzymology, an acyl-CoA oxidase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction acyl-CoA + O 2 ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } trans-2.3-dehydroacyl-CoA + H 2 O 2 Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are acyl-CoA and O 2, whereas it ...

                                               

Adenine deaminase

In enzymology, an adenine deaminase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction adenine + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } hypoxanthine + NH 3 Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are adenine and H 2 O, whereas its two product ...

                                               

Adenosine kinase

Adenosine kinase is an enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of gamma-phosphate from Adenosine triphosphate to adenosine leading to formation of Adenosine monophosphate. In addition to its well-studied role in controlling the cellular concentration ...

                                               

Adenosine-tetraphosphatase

In enzymology, an adenosine-tetraphosphatase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction adenosine 5-tetraphosphate + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } ATP + phosphate Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are adenosine 5-tetrap ...

                                               

Adenosylhomocysteine nucleosidase

In enzymology, an adenosylhomocysteine nucleosidase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } S-5-deoxy-D-ribos-5-yl-L-homocysteine + adenine Thus, the two substrates ...

                                               

Adenosylmethionine-8-amino-7-oxononanoate transaminase

In enzymology, an adenosylmethionine-8-amino-7-oxononanoate transaminase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 8-amino-7-oxononanoate ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } S-adenosyl-4-methylthio-2-oxobutanoa ...

                                               

Adenylyl-sulfate reductase (thioredoxin)

Adenylyl-sulfate reductase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction AMP + sulfite + thioredoxin disulfide ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 5-adenylyl sulfate + thioredoxin The 3 substrates of this enzyme are adenosine monophosphate, ...

                                               

ADP-glyceromanno-heptose 6-epimerase

In enzymology, an ADP-L-glycero-D-manno-heptose 6-epimerase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ADP-D-glycero-D-manno-heptose ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } ADP-L-glycero-D-manno-heptose Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, ...

                                               

ADP-ribose diphosphatase

ADP-ribose diphosphatase is an enzyme that catalyzes a hydrolysis reaction in which water nucleophilically attacks ADP-ribose to produce AMP and D-ribose 5-phosphate. Enzyme hydrolysis occurs by the breakage of a phosphoanhydride bond and is depe ...

                                               

ADP-specific phosphofructokinase

In enzymology, an ADP-specific phosphofructokinase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ADP + D-fructose 6-phosphate ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } AMP + D-fructose 1.6-bisphosphate Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are ...

                                               

Agmatine deiminase

In enzymology, an agmatine deiminase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction agmatine + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } N-carbamoylputrescine + NH 3 Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are agmatine and H 2 O, whereas its ...

                                               

Alanine dehydrogenase

Alanine dehydrogenase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-alanine + H 2 O + NAD + ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } pyruvate + NH 3 + NADH + H + The 2 substrates of this enzyme are L-alanine, water, and nicotinamide adenine di ...

                                               

Alanine racemase

In enzymology, an alanine racemase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-alanine ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } D-alanine Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, L-alanine, and one product, D-alanine. This enzyme belongs to the ...

                                               

Alanine-glyoxylate transaminase

In enzymology, an alanine-glyoxylate transaminase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-alanine + glyoxylate ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } pyruvate + glycine Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are L-alanine and glyoxyla ...

                                               

Alanine-tRNA ligase

In enzymology, an alanine-tRNA ligase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ATP + L-alanine + tRNAAla ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } AMP + diphosphate + L-alanyl-tRNAAla The 3 substrates of this enzyme are ATP, L-alanine, and t ...

                                               

Alcohol dehydrogenase (acceptor)

In enzymology, an alcohol dehydrogenase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction a primary alcohol + acceptor ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } an aldehyde + reduced acceptor Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are primary alcoho ...

                                               

Alcohol oxidase

In enzymology, an alcohol oxidase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction a primary alcohol + O 2 ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } an aldehyde + H 2 O 2 Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are primary alcohol and O 2, whereas i ...

                                               

Aldehyde dehydrogenase (FAD-independent)

In enzymology, an aldehyde dehydrogenase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction an aldehyde + H 2 O + acceptor ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } a carboxylate + reduced acceptor The 3 substrates of this enzyme are aldehyde, H 2 O, ...

                                               

Aldehyde dehydrogenase (NAD(P)+)

In enzymology, an aldehyde dehydrogenase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction an aldehyde + NADP+ + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } an acid + NADPH + H + The 4 substrates of this enzyme are aldehyde, NAD +, NADP +, and H ...

                                               

Aldehyde dehydrogenase (NAD+)

In enzymology, an aldehyde dehydrogenase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction an aldehyde + NAD + + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } an acid + NADH + H + The 3 substrates of this enzyme are aldehyde, NAD +, and H 2 O, wher ...

                                               

Aldose 1-epimerase

In enzymology, an aldose 1-epimerase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction alpha-D-glucose ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } beta-D-glucose Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, alpha-D-glucose, and one product, beta-D-glucose. Th ...

                                               

Aldose reductase

In enzymology, aldose reductase is a cytosolic NADPH-dependent oxidoreductase that catalyzes the reduction of a variety of aldehydes and carbonyls, including monosaccharides. It is primarily known for catalyzing the reduction of glucose to sorbit ...

                                               

Alkanal monooxygenase (FMN-linked)

In enzymology, an alkanal monooxygenase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction RCHO + reduced FMN + O 2 ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } RCOOH + FMN + H 2 O + hnu The 3 substrates of this enzyme are RCHO, reduced FMN, and O 2, whe ...

                                               

Alkylglycerophosphoethanolamine phosphodiesterase

In enzymology, an alkylglycerophosphoethanolamine phosphodiesterase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction 1-alkyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 1-alkyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate + ethanol ...

                                               

Alkylmercury lyase

In enzymology, an alkylmercury lyase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction an alkylmercury + H + ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } an alkane + Hg 2 + Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are alkylmercury and H +, whereas its tw ...

                                               

Allantoicase

Allantoicase is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the ALLC gene. Allantoicase catalyzes the chemical reaction allantoate + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } S-ureidoglycolate + urea Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are allan ...

                                               

Allene oxide cyclase

In enzymology, an allene-oxide cyclase is an enzyme that belongs to the family of isomerases, specifically a class of other intramolecular oxidoreductases. The systematic name of this enzyme class is --12.13-epoxyoctadeca-9.11.15-trienoate isomer ...

                                               

Alliinase

In enzymology, an alliin lyase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction an S -alkyl- L -cysteine S -oxide ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } an alkyl sulfenate + 2-aminoacrylate Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, S -alkyl- L -cyste ...

                                               

Alpha-amino-acid esterase

In enzymology, an alpha-amino-acid esterase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction an alpha-amino acid ester + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } an alpha-amino acid + an alcohol Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are alp ...

                                               

Alpha-glucuronidase

For beta-glucuronidase, see Beta-glucuronidase In enzymology, an alpha-glucuronidase EC 3.2.1.139 is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction an alpha-D-glucuronoside + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } an alcohol + D-glucuronate ...

                                               

Alpha-ribazole phosphatase

The primary biochemical reaction catalyzed by the adenosylcobalamin-5-phosphate phosphatase enzyme is AdoCbl-5-P + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } AdoCbl + phosphate This enzyme can also catalyze the following reaction in vitro, howev ...

                                               

Alpha,alpha-trehalase

In enzymology, an alpha,alpha-trehalase is an enzyme with system name alpha,alpha-trehalose glucohydrolase. This enzyme catalyzes the chemical reaction alpha,alpha-trehalose + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 2 D-glucose Thus, the two ...

                                               

Alpha,alpha-trehalose-phosphate synthase (UDP-forming)

In enzymology, an alpha,alpha-trehalose-phosphate synthase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction UDP-glucose + D-glucose 6-phosphate ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } UDP + alpha,alpha-trehalose 6-phosphate Thus, the two substrate ...

                                               

Amine N-methyltransferase

In enzymology, an amine N -methyltransferase is an enzyme that is ubiquitously present in non-neural tissues and that catalyzes the N -methylation of tryptamine and structurally related compounds. The chemical reaction taking place is: S -adenosy ...

                                               

Amine oxidase (copper-containing)

Amine oxidase is a family of amine oxidase enzymes which includes both primary-amine oxidase and diamine oxidase; these enzymes catalyze the oxidation of a wide range of biogenic amines including many neurotransmitters, histamine and xenobiotic a ...

                                               

Amino-acid racemase

In enzymology, an amino-acid racemase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction an L-amino acid ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } a D-amino acid Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, L-amino acid, and one product, D-amino acid. This e ...

                                               

Aminoacyl-tRNA hydrolase

In enzymology, an aminoacyl-tRNA hydrolase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction N-Substituted aminoacyl-tRNA + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } N-substituted amino acid + tRNA Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are N- ...

                                               

Aminoacylase

In enzymology, an aminoacylase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction N-acyl-L-amino acid + H 2 O ⇌ carboxylate + L-amino acid Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are N-acyl-L-amino acid and H 2 O, whereas its two products are carb ...

                                               

Aminocarboxymuconate-semialdehyde decarboxylase

In enzymology, an aminocarboxymuconate-semialdehyde decarboxylase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction 2-amino-3-3-oxoprop-1-en-1-ylbut-2-enedioate ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 2-aminomuconate semialdehyde + CO 2 Hence, this ...

                                               

Aminocyclopropanecarboxylate oxidase

In enzymology, an aminocyclopropanecarboxylate oxidase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate + ascorbate + O 2 ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } ethylene + cyanide + dehydroascorbate + CO 2 + 2 H ...

                                               

Aminoglycoside N6-acetyltransferase

In enzymology, an aminoglycoside N6-acetyltransferase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction acetyl-CoA + kanamycin-B ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } CoA + N 6 -acetylkanamycin-B Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are acetyl ...

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